Criminal law, part of the common law series, also includes damage to property.
Property damage refers to the destruction or damage of public or private
property by a person who is not the owner. There are two basic classifications
of damage or destruction done by a person: intentional and damage through
neglect. Often, intentional damage to property is fueled malicious intent
but there are cases that don’t have this element. If the damage
was the result of a natural phenomena, it can still be considered someone’s
liability if the phenomena happened because of that person’s neglect.
Property is one of the many things that are protected by law, because ownership
over a certain object or location is clearly dictated with titles and
proof of ownership. There are many cases that are considered property
offenses, such as criminal or property damage, trespassing,
robbery, extortion, dacoity,
burglary, and fraud. Even cases of embezzlement that involves the value of certain
property can be considered property offenses.
Intention and property damage
The most common kind of property damage is intentional. Intent is one of
the many elements of a crime that needs to be proven. Intent doesn’t
necessarily have to be malicious. Sometimes, a person intends to do something,
not necessarily cause damage, but results in it. Often, property damage
cases that involve vehicles become strict liability cases, especially
in the absence of malicious intent.
A special case of property damage can actually be considered an act of
violence if a living being was harmed in the act as well. A case that
can fall under this is if a vehicle crashes into someone’s house
and injures a person. However, there are also cases of the opposite, where
property was damaged in order to prevent somebody from getting injured.
This can happen in cases where a machine had to broken to prevent it from
injuring a person.
The line between terrorism and vandalism
Cases of vandalism may also be considered property damage, but of a lesser
degree. While the term can be used synonymously with property damage,
it is also used with defacement, which focuses on aesthetic or superficial
damage to property. When vandalism uses terms or statements that intend
to intimidate the US government, the FBI classifies it as an act of terrorism,
or at least classifies the individual or group associated with it as a
terrorist group. The United States of Defense on the other hand only uses
the term “terrorist” for groups that actually commit crimes
that result in property damage andpersonal injury.
Property damage in history
Property damage has been an act that has fueled a number of movements in
history. It can be seen in labor, peace, economy, environmental, and anti-globalization
movements among others. This kind of crime is used as a statement against
an ideal that is currently propagated in society, often receiving mass
media coverage that bigger the damage. You can set up a scheduled meeting
with our lawyers at Kyle Law Firm for a consult regarding these kinds