In 2016, the NCAA introduced a new kickoff rule on an experimental basis for eight private, Ivy League universities. League coaches recommended the change when 2015 data showed that kickoffs made up only 6 percent of plays but accounted for 21 percent of concussions. Kickoffs are the only play "where players on both teams have the space to get up to full speed," potentially risking injury from a head-on tackle, noted the lead author of a recent study.
Each year, the FBI releases its Uniform Crime Reports for the previous year, which are based on data provided by local law enforcement agencies. These reports give us crucial information about what types of crimes, and how many, have been reported to police. Similar reports are issued by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, which gauge how many crimes were actually committed, even if they weren't reported. These are the two main sources used to determine America's crime rate.
When doctors refer to a "complete spinal cord injury," they mean that there has been a total severance of the spinal cord at some point in the neck or back. The gap prevents the brain from communicating with any part of the body connected below it. Unfortunately, these injuries have long been considered intractable, with no way to restore the communication and an extremely limited chance for improvement in the patient.
Allstate has just released its 14th annual America's Best Drivers Report, which ranks the 200 largest U.S. cities on the frequency of car crashes. The rankings, which are based on Allstate claims data, also calculate how the likelihood of each city's residents to be in car crashes compared the average U.S. driver. American drivers, on average, are in a car crash every ten years or so.
There has been a growing awareness of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a degenerative brain disease believed to be caused by repeated head trauma causing a series of otherwise non-dangerous concussions. In 2015, the movie "Concussion" taught the world about the condition and its apparent prevalence among football players. The disease is thought to affect others experiencing mild brain trauma repeatedly, such as members of the military and domestic violence survivors.
An international study of distracted driving has identified four types of drivers who resist messages to avoid talking or texting behind the wheel. Interestingly, women were substantially more likely than men to engage in distracted driving, so women are the first of the four profiles. The others include people who are frequent users of their phones, drivers who are highly disinhibited, and those with negative attitudes about safety.
With legalized cannabis taking center stage over the past decade, it may come as no surprise that the number of drivers thought to have marijuana in their systems has risen substantially. At the same time, increased opioid activity has also driven up the number of people thought to drive with opioids in their system, according to a recent report by the Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA).
People who have suffered traumatic brain injuries -- even mild ones -- may be at greater risk of developing Parkinson's disease, according to a recent study in the journal Neurology.
Could playing youth football be putting your child at risk for a degenerative brain disorder? It's a risk, according to a new study at the VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University. Kids who play tackle football before age 12 are at risk for chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), and they may see symptoms years earlier than those who do not.
A recent study published in the journal Lancet Psychiatry provides new evidence of a link between traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) and dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, in older adults. People who suffered TBIs were compared with people who suffered skull or spinal fractures that did not involve a TBI. Those who suffered TBIs had a higher risk of dementia and Alzheimer's.